What Is SQL Big Data? - ITU Online

What Is SQL Big Data?

Quick Answers To Common Questions

SQL Big Data refers to the use of SQL (Structured Query Language) in managing and querying large datasets typically stored in big data environments. SQL, known for its simplicity and effectiveness in data manipulation, allows for efficient data retrieval, analysis, and management in big data platforms. These platforms often include distributed systems such as Hadoop, Spark, and NoSQL databases, which can handle vast amounts of structured and unstructured data. The integration of SQL capabilities into these environments enables organizations to leverage their existing SQL knowledge and tools to gain insights from big data, facilitating data-driven decision-making processes.

Associated Exams

  • Exam Name: Big Data SQL Certification
  • Exam Providers: Various, including Cloudera, Oracle, and Microsoft
  • Prerequisites: Basic understanding of SQL and familiarity with big data concepts
  • Format: Multiple-choice questions, practical implementations
  • Duration: Typically 2-3 hours
  • Delivery Method: Online or testing centers

Exam Costs

The cost to take a Big Data SQL certification exam can vary widely depending on the provider, typically ranging from $150 to $300 USD.

Exam Objectives

  • Understanding of SQL fundamentals
  • Knowledge of how SQL interfaces with big data technologies
  • Ability to perform data analysis and manipulation on big data platforms
  • Integration of SQL queries with big data tools and ecosystems
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Frequently Asked Questions Related to SQL Big Data

What is the difference between SQL and Big Data?

SQL is a language used for managing and querying data in databases, while Big Data refers to large and complex datasets that traditional data processing software cannot handle effectively.

Can SQL be used for Big Data?

Yes, SQL can be used for Big Data through technologies like Hive, Spark SQL, and BigQuery that allow SQL queries to run on big data platforms.

What are some common Big Data SQL tools?

Common tools include Apache Hive, Spark SQL, and Google BigQuery, which enable SQL querying capabilities on big data.

Is learning SQL enough for Big Data?

While SQL is essential, understanding big data technologies and distributed computing principles is also crucial for effectively working with big data.

How does SQL integrate with Hadoop?

SQL integrates with Hadoop through Hive and other tools, allowing for SQL-like querying over data stored in Hadoop’s HDFS.

Key Term Knowledge Base: Key Terms Related to SQL Big Data

Understanding key terms in the realm of SQL (Structured Query Language) Big Data is essential for professionals navigating the complexities of big data analytics and management. SQL is a standardized programming language used for managing and manipulating relational databases. In the context of big data, SQL enables the handling, querying, and analysis of large datasets stored in relational database management systems (RDBMS) or distributed database systems like Hadoop or Spark. Familiarity with these terms will enhance your ability to effectively work with, analyze, and derive insights from vast amounts of data.

SQLA standardized programming language used for managing and querying relational databases.
Big DataExtremely large data sets that may be analyzed computationally to reveal patterns, trends, and associations, especially relating to human behavior and interactions.
RDBMS (Relational Database Management System)A database management system based on the relational model, where data is stored in rows and columns in tables, facilitating data management and querying.
HadoopAn open-source framework that allows for the distributed processing of large data sets across clusters of computers using simple programming models.
SparkAn open-source, distributed computing system that provides an interface for programming entire clusters with implicit data parallelism and fault tolerance.
HiveA data warehousing tool in the Hadoop ecosystem that provides SQL-like querying for big data.
HBaseA non-relational, distributed database model within the Hadoop ecosystem, designed for large amounts of sparse data.
MapReduceA programming model and an associated implementation for processing and generating big data sets with a distributed algorithm on a cluster.
YARN (Yet Another Resource Negotiator)A resource-management platform responsible for managing compute resources in clusters and using them for scheduling of users’ applications.
PigA high-level platform for creating MapReduce programs used with Hadoop.
NoSQLA class of database management systems that do not adhere to the traditional relational database model, often used for large data sets.
Data LakeA storage repository that holds a vast amount of raw data in its native format until it is needed, often used in big data analytics.
Data WarehouseA central repository of integrated data from one or more disparate sources, structured for query and analysis.
ETL (Extract, Transform, Load)A process in database usage and especially in data warehousing that involves extracting data from outside sources, transforming it to fit operational needs, and loading it into the end target (database, more specifically).
ScalabilityThe ability of a system, network, or process to handle a growing amount of work, or its potential to be enlarged to accommodate that growth.
Distributed ComputingA field of computer science that studies distributed systems, where multiple components located on different networked computers communicate and coordinate their actions by passing messages.
Data ModelingThe process of creating a data model for the data to be stored in a database, which defines data elements and the structure between them.
SchemaThe structure of a database system, described in a formal language supported by the database management system (DBMS).
SQL InjectionA code injection technique that might destroy your database, used by attackers to take advantage of non-validated input vulnerabilities and insert arbitrary SQL code into a query.
TransactionA sequence of database operations that are treated as a single unit, which either all succeed or all fail.
Data MiningThe practice of examining large pre-existing databases in order to generate new information or find hidden patterns.
Data AnalyticsThe science of analyzing raw data to make conclusions about that information, often using specialized systems and software.
OLAP (Online Analytical Processing)A category of software that allows users to analyze information from multiple database systems at the same time.
OLTP (Online Transaction Processing)A class of systems that facilitate and manage transaction-oriented applications, typically for data entry and retrieval transaction processing.

This list encompasses a broad range of terms that are pivotal for professionals working with SQL and big data. Understanding these concepts is fundamental to leveraging the full potential of big data technologies for data analysis, storage, and management.

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